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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82

A study on maternal factors associated with low birth weight newborns

1 Professor and head of the department, Medical College and hospital, Guwahati, India
2 Associate professor, Medical College and hospital, Guwahati, India
3 Post graduate trainee Department of Paediatrics, Medical College and hospital, Guwahati, India

Correspondence Address:
Arati Deka
Professor and head of the department, Medical College and hospital, Guwahati
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Introduction: Birth weight is not only a critical determinant of child survival, growth and development but also a valuable indicator of maternal health, nutrition and quality of life. LBW is closely associated with fetal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. The various risk factors related with term low birth weight neonates have been a subject of various studies in India. The present study was undertaken to understand the current situation of various maternal determinants which influence the birth weight of newborn in this part of country. Materials and Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study was done over a period of one year. 400 term neonates were selected randomly, out of them 165 were LBW and 235 were NBW. Various maternal characteristics including age, nutritional status (height, weight, haemoglobin) were noted. Data was analysed using Graph pad Instat software. P value < 0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: Out of total 400 term neonates studied, 165 were LBW and remaining 235 were NBW. Maternal factors found significantly associated with term low birth weight babies were age, weight and anaemia. Conclusion: Almost all the identified factors in our study are modifiable and thus preventable. Integrated approach incorporating medical, social, economical and educational measures to improve the overall health status of the women are needed to reduce the problem of LBW in India.

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