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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 64-67

Immunisation compliance and incidence of adverse events

Department of Pediatrics, TNMC and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Santosh Kondekar
Department of Pediatrics, TNMC and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai - 400 008, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpai.jpai_14_20

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Introduction: Immunization coverage rate is the percentage of the target population that has received the last recommended dose for each vaccine recommended in the national schedule and is one of the best indicators of public health outcome and service and vaccines are important tools in preventing infectious diseases. Aim and Objective: The aim and objective were to assess the immunization compliance and adverse event following immunization (AEFI). Methodology: The present retroprospective observational study was carried out by collecting response of prevalidated immunization compliance and adverse event questionnaire from parents who brought their children for vaccination up to the age of 5 years. This survey asked about immunization compliance and AEFI. Results: A total of 188 randomly selected parents were interviewed about their child's immunization compliance and AEFI. Out of the selected parents, 86.17% agreed for the necessity of vaccines against vaccine preventable disease (VPD) and 13.83% were unaware of the necessity of vaccination. Knowledge about severity of VPDs was known to only 56.38% of parents and 13.82% of parents did not have knowledge of severity or harmfulness of VPDs. Approximately 71.8% of parents were good compliant, while 28.2% were some compliant with immunization schedule during the 6 months of the study period. Discussion: Missed opportunities resulted in subsequent late immunization. The most common errors occurring in this sample were missed opportunities for Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination, as most of the children did not get BCG vaccination at birth and superfluous administration of oral polio vaccine observed due to the National Pulse Polio Immunization Program. A consequence of not adhering to the recommended childhood immunization schedule was that doses were given too late. Conclusion: Efforts to improve compliance with immunization schedule are recommended to optimize VPDs.

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